Kandy, heart of Sri Lanka was once the capital of the a...
Kanneliya rain forest is the last large remaining rainforest in Sri Lanka. The forest complex designated as a biosphere reserve in 2004 by UNESCO. The Reserve today, is sans one of the most popular attractions. Tourists who are seeking adventure based tourism locations in Sri Lanka tour the Kanneliya rain forest. Probably it is more appropriate for a natural bath, Hiking, waterfalls and beautiful landscapes. It is a low land forest extends about 5306 ha. Galle consists of 3 major forest reservation complexes, namely Kanneliya, Dediyagala, and Nakiyadeniya (Some call it the KDN complex).
Kanneliya rain forest is situated in the southern part of Sri Lanka, which is about 147 kilometers away from Colombo. The forest complex occupies the interfluves between two rivers, the GinGanga and the Nilwala Ganga. It consists of a series of ridges and valleys and the elevation ranges from 60-425M above mean sea level. The mean monthly temperature is around 27C with a diurnal range of 4-5C, Maximum temperature has been recoded from mid May while the annual rainfall in Kanneliya is around 3750 mm.
This region has been identified as floristically one of the richest areas in South Asia. There is a high proportion of endemism among the identified woody plants, with 159 species belonging to 94 genera and 41 families being endemic to Sri Lanka. Some 220 faunal species with 41 endemics have been recorded from the Kanneliya Rain Forest and adjacent forests. Majority of the 20 endemic birds in Sri Lanka are restricted to the rain forests of the Southwest. Large numbers of medicinal plants are also found in the Kanneliya Rain Forest complex.